The Story of the Sphinx
In their new book, "Origins of the Sphinx: Celestial Guardian of Pre-Pharaonic Civilization," Dr. Robert M. Schoch and Robert Bauval combine their decades of research in Egypt to show how the Sphinx is thousands of years older than the conventional Egyptological timeline and was built by a long forgotten pre-Pharaonic civilization. Analyzing the evidence for a significantly older construction phase at Giza and the restoration and recarving of the Sphinx during the Old Kingdom era, they assert that the Sphinx was first built by an advanced pre-Pharaonic civilization that existed circa 12,000 years ago on the Giza Plateau, contemporaneous with the sophisticated Göbekli Tepe complex.
Building on Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory, they investigate the archaeoastronomical alignments of the monuments of the Giza Plateau and reveal how the pyramids and Sphinx were built to align with the constellations of Orion and Leo. It is, however, hard to know for sure wether the constellation of Leo was already associated with lions some 12,000 years ago since no writing, if any existed, has been preserved from that period.
Thus the question about the original head of the Sphinx remains unanswered. Robert Schoch's opinion is that it was indeed a lion's head, but others say it might have been a jackal similar to Anubis, the protector of tombs. Or maybe the Sphinx was actually a pussycat, which after all is the most sacred animal in the Universe.